This site aims to provide a dynamic guide to the history and development of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (the Charter) which was proclaimed in December 2000 and became binding in December 2009 when the Lisbon Treaty came into force.

This website sets out in clear and precise language what the Charter is all about. It lists the articles that the Charter contains and the EU’s explanations, supported by our detailed commentary, relevant case-law, academic discussion and relevant links.

The Charter is an important development. It is the first formal EU document to combine and declare all the values and fundamental rights (economic and social as well as civil and political) to which EU citizens should be entitled. The main aim of the Charter is to make these rights more visible. It is important to be aware that the Charter does not establish new rights, but assembles existing rights that were previously scattered over a range of international sources. Now that the national courts and Court of Justice of the European Union have to consider the Charter, it can be used to assist in cases where EU law is in issue.


This website was created with funding from the European CommissionEuropean Commission Flag